Riding requires the use of a saddle, which is a necessary piece of equipment. It gives the rider comfort and assurance while allowing them to stay balanced on their horse.
For various equestrian sports, horse saddles are available in a range of styles, forms, sizes, and patterns.
The first saddles were nothing more than a basic saddle cushion with a surcingle to keep it in place. Around 200BC, the classic saddle tree was invented in Asia. This invention allowed the weight to be distributed more evenly across the horse’s back, making it more convenient both for animal and the rider.
The Samaritans are thought to have invented the leather saddle in the third century AD, along with stirrups. Saddles have developed over time, there are now a variety of options for different riding styles.
When purchasing a saddle, make sure it fits both the horse and the rider properly. An improperly fitting saddle can cause discomfort in the horse, resulting in poor behavioural and performance concerns. They won’t be able to sit in balance if it doesn’t suit them properly.
The general-purpose saddle, sometimes known as an eventing saddle, is ideal for a variety of uses and is quite popular, particularly at riding schools.
It can be used for flatwork as well as jumping. This type of saddlery features a deep seat, a gently curved saddle flap, and no knee pad. By simply adjusting the lengths of their stirrup leathers, the riders can go from a dressage to a jumping stance. They are, nevertheless, only ideal for rookie and intermediate riders, as well as those engaged in equestrian activity at the lower levels.
The dressage saddle is designed specifically for flatwork and is best suited for advanced dressage competitors. They have a spacious seat and nice straight saddle flaps, which allow the rider to sit comfortably in the saddle and give the proper aids when completing test movements.
The straight flaps also provide the horse greater shoulder flexibility, allowing for more showy gaits. The stirrup bars should be far sufficiently back so that the rider’s leg is properly placed beneath their seat.
Dressage saddles have a cantle that is taller than the pommel to accommodate the rider’s extensive sitting trot. These saddles are supposed to be useful and stylish when paired with a white racing saddle pad.
When trying to jump, the shape of the jumping saddle provides the rider additional balance and stability. It has a flatter cushion than a dressage saddle, as well as larger, forward-cut saddle covers that allow the rider to bend his knee and use a short stirrup.
Cushion knee rolls are common in jumping saddles, making things easier for the rider to retain a half-seat posture and a stable lower leg.
The cantle and pommel are both low to avoid impeding the jumping stance in any manner.
The side saddle was created as a two-pommel arrangement so that a woman may sit on one half of the horse with the both legs.
The right leg is wrapped around the upper pommel, while the left leg is supported by one stirrup just on bottom pommel. The rider rests in the seat straight and square, not crosswise as many people imagine.