Health and Fitness

Erectile Dysfunction-Symptoms | Causes | Risk factors | Complications | Prevention…

What is erectile dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction (impotence) fails to obtain and maintain an erection enough to be sexually attractive. Sometimes, having trouble with erections isn’t always a cause for worry.

However, if it’s an ongoing problem, it can create anxiety, reduce confidence in yourself, and cause relationship issues. Inability to get or keep an erection may also indicate an illness that requires treatment and means heart disease.

If you’re worried about erectile problems, talk to your physician – even when you’re ashamed. Sometimes, treating the root issue is enough to stop the issue of erectile dysfunction. In other situations, medications or other treatment options may be required.


Erectile dysfunction symptoms might include persistent:

  • Trouble getting an erection
  • Problems keeping an erection
  • Reduced sexual desire

When is the best time to visit a physician?

A visit to the family doctor is an excellent place to begin for erectile issues. See your doctor if:

  • There are concerns regarding your erections or are experiencing other sexual problems like the delay or premature ejaculation
  • You suffer from heart disease, diabetes, or another health condition connected to ed.
  • Other signs go in conjunction with the erectile dysfunction


Sexual arousal in men is a complicated process that involves the brain, hormones, emotions, nerves, blood vessels, and muscles. Erectile dysfunction could be the result of an issue with any of these. Additionally, stress and mental health problems can worsen or cause the symptoms of ed.

Sometimes, a combination of physical and psychological problems can lead to erectile dysfunction. For example, a minor physical issue that slows your sexual activity could trigger anxiety over maintaining an erection, and the stress it causes could lead to or worsen ed.

Physical causes of the erectile dysfunction

In most instances, erectile dysfunction may be due to something physical. Common causes are:

  • Heart disease
  • Blood vessels that are clogged (atherosclerosis)
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Metabolic syndrome is a condition that is characterized by elevated blood pressure, high insulin levels and fat deposits around the waist, and high cholesterol levels.
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Certain prescription drugs
  • Tobacco use
  • Peyronie’s Disease — the formation of scar tissue within the penis
  • Alcoholism, as well as other forms of abuse
  • Sleep disorders
  • Treatments for prostate cancer & an enlarged prostate
  • Surgery or injuries which affect the pelvic region or the spinal cord
  • Low testosterone

The psychological reasons for erectile dysfunction

The brain plays an essential function in triggering physical triggers that lead to an erection. It all starts with feelings of vitality. Many things could interfere with sexual pleasure and can cause or worsen the condition of erectile dysfunction. This includes:

  • Depression, anxiety & any other mental health issues
  • Stress
  • Problems with relationships due to tension, communication issues, or other issues

Risk factors

As you age, your erections could be slower to develop and may not be as strong. You may require a more precise touching of your penis to keep and maintain an erection.

Many risk factors can cause erectile dysfunction, which includes:

  • Medical ailments, particularly diabetes or heart problems
  • Smoking cigarettes, which restricts blood flow to arteries and veins, can, in time, create chronic health issues that can cause ed.
  • Overweight, especially if you’re overweight
  • Specific medical procedures, such as prostate surgery or radiation therapy for cancer
  • Ailments mainly affect the nerves and the arteries that control erections.
  • Meds, including antidepressants, antihistamines, as well as medications to treat the effects of high blood pressure, pain or prostate issues
  • Psychological disorders, such as stress, depression, anxiety, & stress
  • Alcohol & drug use, especially if you’re frequent alcohol or drug user


The complications that result from erectile dysfunction may be:

  • A sex life that is not satisfying
  • Anxiety or stress
  • Low self-esteem or embarrassment
  • Relationship issues
  • The inability of getting your partner pregnant
  • More Information
  • Erectile dysfunction treatment in the Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic
  • Is ed an indication for heart diseases?


The most effective way to avoid erectile dysfunction is by making healthy lifestyle choices and taking care of any present health issues. Examples:

  • Consult your physician to treat heart disease, diabetes, or other chronic health conditions.
  • Consult your doctor regularly for health check-ups or medical tests for screening.
  • Limit or stop smoking cigarettes, abstain from alcohol, and never use illegal substances.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Make steps to lessen stress.
  • Seek service for depression, anxiety, or other mental health issues.

Visit: A guide for simple erectile dysfunction diagnosis and treatment

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