Kind of depression & its treatments?

Depression is a mood condition that is characterized by an ongoing sense of melancholy and loss of interest. Also known as major depressive disorder or clinical depression, this condition affects your feelings, thoughts, and behavior and can result in several emotional and physical difficulties. Depression can worsen and last for a longer period if not treated. It can result in self-injury or even death in extreme circumstances. Thankfully, there are many treatments available to help alleviate symptoms of depression.

Is it possible to cure it?

Treatments for depression exist, but there is no cure for the condition. The likelihood of a positive outcome increases with the length of time between the onset of treatment and its completion.

A therapy plan can help many persons with depression. However, a recurrence might happen even if the treatment is beneficial.

After symptoms subside or disappear, patients who take medication for depression should continue treatment as long as their doctor recommends.

Types of depression 

There are different types of depression as some are caused by different events in your life, while others are the result of chemical changes in your brain.

Regardless of different causes, the first step is to describe your symptoms to your doctor. If they can’t figure out what kind of depression you have, they may suggest that you see a mental health professional. This diagnosis is crucial in understanding the best course of action for your situation.

Major Depressive Disorder

If you’re depressed most days of the week, you may have this sort of depression.

Other possible symptoms include:

  • You’ve lost interest or pleasure in the things you used to enjoy.
  • Gain or loss of weight.
  • An inability to fall asleep or a feeling of tiredness throughout the day.
  • Being anxious and restless, or being physically or mentally lazy.
  • Tiredness and a lack of energy.
  • Shameful or guilty feeling.
  • It’s difficult to focus or make decisions.
  • Having suicidal ideas

Treatment – Talk therapy can be effective. An expert in mental health will assist you in learning how to cope with your depression. Antidepressants, which are used to treat depression, can also be beneficial.

If therapy and medication fail to help, your doctor may recommend further treatments, such as:

  • Treatment with electroconvulsive (ECT)
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
  • Vagus Stimulation Nerve (VNS)

VNS and ECT both use an implanted device, while TMS and ECT both use electrical pulses. It’s all aimed toward stimulating specific brain regions. It improves the functioning of the areas of your brain that are responsible for your mood.

According to the American Psychiatric Association, the major depressive disorder can be broken down into several distinct subcategories known as “specifiers.”

Among them are:

  • Anxious distress
  • Atypical features
  • Mixed features
  • Peripartum beginning, during pregnancy, or immediately following childbirth
  • Patterns of seasonal
  • Catatonia
  • Psychopathic characteristics
  • Melancholy characteristics

Psychotic Depression

Psychotic depression is characterized by a combination of significant depressive symptoms and “psychotic” characteristics. It includes:

  • Seeing or hearing things that aren’t there might lead to hallucinations.
  • Delusions
  • Paranoia

Treatment – Antidepressants and antipsychotics can be used together to treat psychotic depression which is easily available at an online pharmacy. ECT may potentially be a viable treatment choice for some patients.

Seasonal Affective Disorder 

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a significant depressive episode that occurs more frequently during the winter months when the days are short, and there is less sunlight. In the spring and summer, it tends to fade away.

Treatment – The antidepressants can be helpful if you suffer from Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). Light therapy can also help. For roughly 15-30 minutes each day, you’ll need to sit in front of a particular bright lightbox.

Women who have premenstrual dysphoria experience depression and other symptoms at the start of their menstruation.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder 

Apart from depression, you may also experience the following:

  • Mood swings
  • Having a hard time focusing.
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Modifications to one’s eating or sleeping patterns
  • Overwhelming feelings

Treatment – PMDD can be treated with antidepressants or oral contraceptives, depending on the severity of the symptoms.

Persistent Depressive Disorder

Depression lasting more than two years is known as persistent depressive disorder (PDD). Dysthymia (permanent low-grade depression) and chronic severe depression were historically referred to as “dysthymia.”

You might have symptoms like:

  • A shift in your eating habits (not eating enough or overeating)
  • Excessive or insufficient sleep
  • Fatigue or lack of energy
  • A lack of confidence in oneself
  • It’s difficult to focus or make decisions.
  • Feeling dejected

Treatment – You may be prescribed medication or psychotherapy as part of your treatment plan.

Postpartum Depression

It occurs after the delivery of a child. Following childbirth, one in nine new parents suffers from postpartum depression.

Following the birth of a child, “baby blues,” or emotions of sadness or loneliness, are common.  Many people’s symptoms subside within a few days.

Depending on the severity of the condition, postpartum depression can manifest itself in a variety of ways:

  • feeling agitated or irritable
  • despair, hopelessness, or overwhelm
  • imagining harming yourself or the child
  • being apathetic toward the baby, feeling distant, or as though the baby is yours but not yours
  • a lack of drive or enthusiasm
  • eating too much or too little
  • sleeping too much or too little
  • having a hard time concentrating
  • having a hard time remembering
  • remorse, shame, or the thought of being a bad parent
  • taking a break from things you used to enjoy
  • severing ties with loved ones
  • pain or discomfort that does not go away despite the best efforts of your doctor
  • the feeling that you might not be able to express your love or care for the infant

Treatment – Antidepressant medications may be beneficial in a similar way to how they are used to treat severe depression unrelated to childbirth.

Bipolar Depression

Bipolar illness, which is sometimes known as “manic depression,” is characterized by mood swings that can vary from extremes of great energy and an “up” mood to periods of depression.

Major depressive symptoms will manifest themselves while you’re in a low mood state.

Treatment – Medication can help you manage your mood fluctuations. Lithium, a mood stabilizer, may be prescribed by your doctor if you’re experiencing a high or low period.

The FDA has approved three medicines for the treatment of depression:

  • Seroquel
  • Latuda
  • Fluoxetine with Olanzapine

The anticonvulsant lamotrigine or the atypical antipsychotic Vraylar are only two examples of medications that are sometimes used “off-label” for bipolar depression.

When it comes to bipolar depression, traditional antidepressants aren’t generally advised as the first-line treatment because there isn’t enough evidence from trials to show that these drugs are more effective than a placebo (a sugar tablet). Many standard antidepressants may raise the likelihood of a “high” phase in bipolar disorder or increase the frequency with which episodes occur over time for a small number of people with bipolar illness. Psychotherapy can also assist you and your family in coping.

What precautions can you take to avoid depression?

You cannot control most of the influences that increase your risk of depression, such as genetic predisposition and chemical imbalances in the brain.

Effects of the life-changing situation or traumatic event for many people can trigger depression. For example, someone with cancer or diabetes may be at risk.

Complete protection against these dangers may not even be possible. However, you can choose how you respond to the stress they may produce. It’s possible to prevent depression from getting worse if you already have it.

Take precaution to prevent depression by doing the following things:

  • Discover techniques to cope with stress and boost your self-esteem.
  • Take care of your health. Get adequate sleep, consume a balanced diet, and exercise regularly.
  • Maintain routine medical examinations and consult your therapist if you feel unwell.
  • When circumstances are too hard, rely on family and friends.
  • Seek assistance if you believe you are depressed. Delaying will just make things worse.

There are a few things you should do to prevent your depression from worsening.

  • Stay away from intoxicants and other drugs of abuse. These may help you feel better on the surface. However, they may make it more difficult for you to cure your depression.
  • Meditation and yoga might help alleviate some of the tension in your life.
  • Commit to your treatment regimen. Take your medication as advised even if you don’t feel well. Don’t miss your therapy appointments. Your doctor will appreciate it if you tell him or her what is and what isn’t working for you.
  • Self-awareness is the key to happiness. Pay attention to what causes your symptoms to worsen. Speak to your doctor or therapist about what you’re experiencing.
  • Commit to your treatment regimen. Take your medication as advised even if you don’t feel well. Don’t miss your therapy appointments. The more information you can provide to your doctor, the better your treatment can become. Don’t forget to do things that keep you connected to people.
  • On a day when you’re feeling low, don’t make major life decisions.
  • If you’re depressed, talk to your doctor or therapist about antidepressants.

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