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The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’s Failure

Seven years after Prime Minister Narendra Modi began the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan with great hoopla, it is clear that we are unable to clean up the decaying garbage that has grown so widespread on our streets across the country. 

Pavements are nearly impossible to come by in our towns and cities. We need a lot more trash cans and public restrooms, according to simple logic. That is, however, the easiest part. The more difficult part is keeping them clean and useful.

Not only do we spit everywhere, but we also shit everywhere and throw our trash anywhere. India is without a doubt the dirtiest, unsanitary, and filthiest country on the planet. Picking up where we left off, our Prime Minister announced the Swachh Bharat. programme to clean up India, which was a wise decision. He has proposed an ambitious campaign to create 12 million residential toilets. 25 million public toilets, and 3 million community toilets for urban households. At a cost of Rs.62009 crores to the country.

This is not an amount we are unable to pay. Will India become a cleaner, healthier, more hygienic nation that is less unpleasant to the eyes and nose? I didn’t believe it at the time, and it’s clear now that the Swachh Bharat. Campaign has been more of a failure than a success thus far.

. Intentions, however, are not everything. He had no idea how to put his plans into action. His goals were lofty. He also wants to develop 100 smart towns with drinking water available 24 hours a day, zero rubbish disposal, and 100% solid waste management using full-scale drainage and sewerage systems. A hundred additional cities were promised in the BJP’s programme. And rightly so, for by 2050, India’s urban population would have nearly doubled, with an additional 450 million people living in cities. This urbanisation will also be the country’s main source of economic growth.

This framework lacked the necessary democratic drive and was incapable of meeting the needs of rural development. There are a number of reasons for this outcome, including political and bureaucratic resistance at the state level to share power and resources with local level institutions, local elites’ dominance over the majority of welfare payments, a lack of local capacity, and a lack of political will. As a result, no worthwhile local government exists in India’s rural areas. It’s as though ordinary people have lost control of their life and have become captives of faraway lords’ whims and preferences.

The Prime Minister has done a good job of emphasising the need of keeping one’s surroundings clean. While people should not litter and should dispose of their trash in designated areas, it is the responsibility of the relevant tier of government to remove the garbage and dispose of it.  It is commendable to construct restrooms in public locations and institutions and to encourage people to use them, but it is the state’s responsibility to keep them operational and clean.

Government is not working, as seen by the state of most governmental facilities, notably the Central Secretariat. The Prime Minister should concentrate on why the government in India fails to deliver services. Only then would he be able to create a Swachh Bharat.

Suggested Read: Recycling Waste management System

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