When a woman gets pregnant, her body undergoes substantial changes. The volume of blood in the body rises by 20-30%, increasing the availability of iron and vitamins required by the body to form hemoglobin. So, when more iron is available than the body needs, the woman becomes anemic. Anemia is the most common indirect cause of maternal death in India, affecting pregnant women during labor or even after delivery. It can also lead to low birth weight babies or cause fetal death. So, all pregnant women need to take proper iron and folic acid tablets and consult the best doctor to avoid any future complications. Individuals can find such doctors in Kokilaben Hospital who are well-versed in managing every risk involved after an anemic woman gets pregnant.
Types of Anemia During Pregnancy:
During pregnancy, a variety of anemias that can occur are
- Iron-deficiency anemia: When the body doesn’t have enough iron to make enough hemoglobin, this kind of anemia develops.
- Folate-deficiency anemia: Folate is a nutrient that may be found in various meals, including green leafy vegetables. Its deficiency is a kind of anemia in which the body cannot produce enough regular red blood cells to deliver oxygen to all of the body’s tissues.
- Vitamin B12 deficiency: Vitamin B12 is required to form healthy red blood cells in the body. When a pregnant woman’s diet is deficient in vitamin B12, her body cannot manufacture enough healthy red blood cells.
When you’re pregnant, moderate anemia is quite common. However, insufficient iron or vitamin levels and other factors might cause more severe anemia. If it is severe and not addressed, it can lead to major issues such as premature birth.
Anemia Symptoms During Pregnancy: The following are the most typical signs and symptoms of anemia during pregnancy:
- Pale skin, lips, and nails
- Feeling tired or weak
- Shortness of breath
- Rapid heartbeat
- Trouble concentrating
Anemia Risks During Pregnancy: Severe or untreated iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy might increase chances of having below:
- Prematurely born baby or with low birth weight.
- A blood transfusion if the pregnant woman loses a significant amount of blood during delivery
- Depression after childbirth
- Anemia in your baby
- The mother’s weakness caused by anemia might be harmful, and it can even result in a miscarriage.
- A blood shortage for the mother and the infant means a lack of nourishment. In this instance, the child’s growth is harmed.
- In such instances, there is a high maternal death rate.
Risk Factors: Anemia is a concern that all pregnant women face. This risk is because they require more iron and folic acid than usual. However, the danger is greater if the woman:
- is pregnant with multiples (more than one kid)
- Have had two pregnancies within a year of each other
- Vomit a lot due to morning sickness
- Is a pregnant adolescent
- Don’t consume enough iron-rich foods
- Had anemia before becoming pregnant
Can anemia during pregnancy be prevented?
A good pre-pregnancy diet not only helps avoid anemia but also helps your body create other nutritional resources. Eating a healthy, balanced diet before and during pregnancy helps you maintain your iron and other vital minerals for your growing baby.
- Beans, lentils, and legumes
- Leafy greens of the cabbage family
- Spinach and kale
- Meat, chicken, and fish
- Strawberries & Dried apricots
According to experts, all women of reproductive age and pregnant women should take vitamin supplements containing at least 400 mcg of folic acid. Folate is a kind of folic acid found in the diet. Sources to consider include:
- Dark green, leafy veggies
- Beans and peas, dried
- Citrus fruits and liquids, as well as the majority of berries
- Breakfast cereals that are fortified
- Grain products with added nutrients
Also, you can consult an obstetrics and gynecology specialist at Kokilaben hospital for dietary advice. On Credihealth, you may schedule an appointment with an obs and gyne doctor at Kokilaben hospital and get an estimate for the cost of normal or c-section delivery. Credihealth is a website that allows users to book online appointments and teleconsultations with a single click, an online healthcare service, assists clients in locating the top physicians and hospitals in major Indian cities, scheduling priority appointments, and estimating hospital treatment and surgical expenses. Credihealth can help you acquire a second opinion, a cost analysis, or a doctor’s visit, or you may rate and recommend a doctor. You can also phone 8010-994-994 to get a call back if you require medical care.