Health and Fitness

What is the Treatment for Periodontal Disease?

The degree and kind of periodontal disease vary. Gingivitis, a mild form of gum inflammation caused by bacterial infection. Food can become caught in the gap between our teeth and gums below the gum line daily. Bacteria can build up as plaque on the surface of your teeth if you don’t brush and floss regularly. Plaque hardens and develops tartar as it progresses. When plaque plate under the gum line, the gums may get inflamed. The gums are swollen and bleed. Gingivitis is typically reversible with proper brushing and flossing habits, as well as frequent cleanings by a dentist or dental hygienist.

Untreated gingivitis can grow to periodontitis, a condition in which the gums peel away from the teeth, forming larger areas (called “pockets”) that get infected. Plaque continues to build below the gum line as the bacterial illness worsens. While your body’s immune system battles infection, it may begin to deteriorate the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. If left untreated, the bones and soft tissue that support the teeth ultimately deteriorate, and the teeth may become loose that will require extraction.

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is a silent illness that usually does not cause discomfort, but if left undiagnosed and untreated, it can have a long-term impact on oral and overall health. What is the treatment for periodontal disease?

Periodontal Disease Treatment with Scaling and Root Planing

The in-depth cleaning process of scaling and root planing is the first line of defense in periodontal disease therapy. The surgeon will deliver this therapy in three or four weekly sessions.

A dentist utilizes ultrasonic and manual devices to remove plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line during the scaling treatment. Root planing is the process of smoothing off rough places on a tooth , to remove accumulated germs and assist the gums in reattaching to the teeth. The last polishing procedure will eliminate stains from the crown. It will provide an even surface that germs will find challenging to adhere to.

Following scaling and root planing, your dentist will assess the depth of the pockets surrounding your teeth to decide if more periodontal disease treatment is necessary. Although the side effects of scaling and root planing are usually modest, some individuals can experience edema and bleeding.

Periodontal Disease Treatment with Surgical Procedures

If your periodontal disease has progressed, surgery may be your only option.

Periodontal surgery has several advantages, including:

  • Enabling recontouring and repositioning of bone, gum, and other tissues supporting the teeth; and 
  • Doing thorough cleaning to eliminate diseased tissue is simpler.

Pocket Reduction Surgery

The most frequent surgical periodontal disease therapy is pocket reduction surgery. It treats the afflicted region of teeth, gums, surrounding tissue, and blood vessels to stop the spread of infection.

The doctor will deliver a Local anesthetic to the region, and the gums are sliced and folded back to allow access to the diseased tissue beneath to be removed. The doctor will also eliminate Any pathogenic bacteria. In situations of faulty bone, the surgeon can smooth out the edges using a procedure known as osseous recontouring.

The surgeon will push back the gum flap and sew over your teeth. 

Graft Procedures

Bone grafting will enhance regeneration in situations of substantial bone loss. The graft material, obtained from the patient or an outside source, covers an exposed tooth root to level the gum line and reduce discomfort.

If you wish to replace lost teeth with implants but do not have enough bone in your jaw to hold the implants firmly in place, it may require bone grafting.

If your gums have receded significantly due to periodontal disease, they may require a gum transplant to heal the damage and safeguard your teeth.

How long does periodontal treatment take?

A variety of events may occur depending on the type of surgery. The majority of gum surgery operations take about 2 hours to complete. Periodontal flap surgery for a single quadrant of the mouth is simple and generally only takes 45 minutes. The clients can watch TV or listen to music with personal headphones during the process. 

Dental Implants and Periodontists

Periodontal disease specialists are also professionals in the surgical practice . They are professional of placing dental implants to substitute teeth lost because of gum disease, decay, or accident.

Implants serve as a foundation for prosthetic teeth. They are constructed up of tiny posts . A lightweight yet strong metal increasingly extensively utilized for prostheses due to its compatibility with the human body.

The screw-like post is placed into a missing tooth socket. After the bone has combined with the implant, the doctor will connect an abutment to anchor the prosthetic tooth, and a crown is placed on the implant.

What is the cost of periodontal treatment?

The price of periodontal disease therapy will vary according to a few factors:

  • The disease’s course 
  • Location 
  • Insurance

If you don’t have health insurance, the typical cost of periodontal treatment, including surgery, is between AED 3,000.00 and AED 8,000.00.

Conclusion

Periodontitis is the most severe type of gum disease. Inflamed and bleeding teeth are among the signs. Periodontitis, if left untreated, can result in tooth loss. If you feel discomfort or tenderness in your mouth, consult your doctor. Inform the dentist of any health issues or drugs you are currently using. Periodontal disease does not have to be the cause of tooth loss. A person’s teeth should last a lifetime if properly cared for.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Back to top button